What are the different species of the Cannabis plant?

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa is a species of cannabis that originated from areas around the equator. The Cannabis Sativa plant typically grows tall in structure, has narrower leaves and has alonger flowering cycle that is better suited for warmer climates with a longergrowing season.

Cannabis indica

The Cannabis Indica species originated in theHindu Kush region of Afghanistan. Cannabis indica plants tend to grow shorterin stature, have broader leaves, a shorter flowering cycle that is suitable for colder climates with a shorter growing season.

Cannabis Ruderalis

Cannabis Ruderalis is a low-THC variety or subspecies of Cannabis which is native to Central and Eastern Europe and Russia. Cannabis Ruderalis is smaller than other species of which rarely grows over two feet in height.

A hybrid cannabis plant is one that has intentionally cross-bred to have both Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica in its genetics. Most varieties of cannabis today are hybrids. 

In the commercialization process of cannabis, the terms Sativa, Indica and Hybrid have been used to define the effects a person will experience after consuming that cannabis labeled as such. It is a common misperception that all Indica strains will give a more sedative, relaxing effect while Sativa strains have come to be known as uplifting and energetic. Scientifically speaking, this is an inaccurate application of the terms Sativa, Indica and Hybrid. The accurate way to deduce the sort of effects a cannabis strain will have is to look at the cannabinoid and terpene content. If you use the terms Indica and Sativa to describe the effects you are looking for in a cannabis strain, no worries! The Native Harvest team understands the commercialized meaning of these words and can translate that into helping you find a cannabinoid and terpene profile that is just right for you! 

What is THC? 

Tetrahydrocannabinol: the dominate psychoactive compound in activated cannabis. THC is the cannabinoid known for euphoric feelings associated with being high.

What is CBD? 

Cannabidiol: the second most abundant cannabinoid in activated cannabis. It delivers little to no psychoactive effects. CBD is associated with reducing anxiety, pain and inflammation. Additionally, CBD helps create a more balanced high when consumed in conjunction with THC.

What Are Terpenes & Terpenoids?

One of the biggest benefits of the terpenes is the medicinal value.  The terpenes in the various strains can act as an anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, appetite control, anti-fungal, and insomnia relief. 
Cannabis contains many different terpenes according to one analysis of 11 different strains. They were able to detect a total of 27 different terpenes, including 13 monoterpenoids and 14 sesquiterpenoids. If you want to learn more, check out Prof of Pot or ask your budtender. 

How can I select a strain that is right for me? 

The first step to discovering which strains work best for you is to share your desired cannabis effects with your bud tender. Our bud tenders are trained to both educate you and help you find the best strains to experiment with for your specific situation. One option is to keep a journal of the effects you experience from each different cannabis strain, also noting the grower and the specific terpene profile. 

If I don’t want to smoke cannabis, what are my alternative options? 

There are a variety of ways to consume cannabis other than smoking. Cannabis oils, concentrates, and extracts—these all serve as umbrella terms under which sits a warehouse of different products: vape oil, hash, tinctures, dabs, CBD oil, and every other product dreamed up by cannabis chemists. An oil, concentrate, or extract is any product derived from cannabis flower that is processed into a concentrated form, but each type of cannabis oil is unique.

But why bother with concentrates when you have tried-and-true bud?

With the exception of hash, you don’t have to smoke extracts. Most consumers choose to vaporize or ingest concentrates for a smoke-free dose. Cannabis oils are efficient. It takes less product to achieve the desired experience. Extracts are refined. Essential oils and cannabinoids are separated from plant material to create a smooth, clean inhale when vaporized. All forms of concentration focus on separating the trichome resin-heads from the flower. Either by dissolving them in a solvent or mechanical means. These are the source for all the cannabinoids in the plant. They are the frosting on each beautiful bud you see in photos and the whole point of growing cannabis. 

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